PAPER PRESENTED AT THE CONFERENCE: "VIEJAS IDEAS, NUEVAS CREENCIAS: MÉXICO HACIA EL SIGLO XXI: LA LITERATURA COMO TRANSGRESORA DE LAS FRONTERAS DE IDENTIDAD" ["OLD IDEAS, NEW BELIEFS: MEXICO TOWARDS THE XXI CENTURY: LITERATURE AND ITS TRANSGRESSION OF IDENTITY BORDERS"], ORGANIZED BY UNIVERSIDAD AUTÓNOMA METROPOLITANA (U.A.M., MÉXICO) AND THE UNIV. OF LOUISVILLE, KENTUCKY (U.S.A.), IN JULY, 1995, IN THE BUILDING THAT HOUSED THE FIRST PRINTING PRESS IN THE AMERICAS, MEXICO CITY, D.F. . VERSION CORRECTED BY AUTHOR: ╺ ═══════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════╸ . THE "IMAGO MUNDI" OF WHEN THE COURAGEOUS WEEP. . “──This is what the king who will reign over you will claim as his rights:He will take your sons and make them serve with his c
Our telenovela writers have gleefully decided to call nannies "governesses", without having the slightest idea what differentiates them. Their goal, quite laudable, is to encourage us to talk about them with more respect. To do this, in my opinion, we do not need to assault our language, but rather bear in mind they are human beings, and that we need them very much, in this world in which both the father and the mother are often forced to work out of the home. In the Judeo-Christian world, the domestic worker maintains a complex relationship with his employers, half professional, half familial. The obligations set out by Judeo-Christian religions for the employer of a domestic worker, are quite similar to those a head of family has regarding his relatives. In Spanish they were cal...
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The Stone monolith that today stands in Saint Peter’s Square in Rome, was carved in Egypt 4000 years ago. In the year 37 AD, the emperor Caligula ordered that it be moved to Rome. This was a truly ambitious engineering challenge at the time, as well as proof of the Roman Empire’s power. Almost 1,150 years later, due to natural historical developments, it was necessary to move it to its present location. Although only a few hundred meters distant, this too necessitated incredible effort and ingenuity and was almost an impossible task given the technology and resources available in Rome in 1586. Domenico Fontana, the chief engineer, spent months planning the operation. He experimented with mechanisms of all kinds; pulleys, ropes, levers, as well as tools he himself designed. He calcu